Among 17,500 islands across the Indonesian archipelago, Bali is one of the 33 provinces of the Republic of Indonesia, the largest archipelagic country in the world. It is made up of 2 million km2 of land with a chain of islands stretching over 500,000 km from Sumatra to Papua, and covers territorial waters of more than 5 million km2.
Situated between Java and Lombok, the island of Bali is located 8 to 9 degrees south of the equator with the Java Sea to the north and the Indian Ocean to the south. Bali covers an area of 5,636 km2 or 0.29% of Indonesia.
About Bali – Topography
The province of Bali is divided into nine regencies (eight regencies and one municipality) with its own capital.
The topography of Bali is formed by a mountain chain that stretches from west to east, splitting the island into two parts. Some of the volcanic peaks are active, including Mount Agung, the tallest point above sea level, and mount Batur. Some barren peaks include mount Merbuk, Patas, Seraya, Prapat Agung, Klatakan, Sanghyang, Mesehe, Musi, Lesung, Tapak, Adeng, Pengiligan, Catur, Penulisan, and Mount Abang. The north side of the mountain slopes is fairly steep, creating narrow lowland along the coastal area. Meanwhile, the south slopes are much leaner, forming a fertile plain that becomes the main center of Balinese culture. Some of the most beautiful white sandy beaches are in the south, including Sanur Beach, Kuta, and Nusa Dua. The south slope is also home to four lakes—Lake Buyan, Lake Tamblingan, Lake Beratan, and Lake Batur.
About Bali - Climate
With the sun shining throughout the year, Bali has a tropical monsoon climate, with pleasant day temperatures between 20 to 33 °C or 68 to 93 °F. The rainy season starts from October to March, when the west monsoon brings heavy showers and high humidity. June to September is considered the driest season with low humidity, and it can be fairly cold in the evenings. This is the best time for outdoor activities.
Even when it rains most times in most parts of Bali, you can often enjoy sunny days on the “Bukit,” the hill south of Jimbaran. On the other hand, you may expect cloudy skies and drips throughout the year in Ubud and the mountainous areas. The international weather reports for Denpasar or Bali mention showers and rain storms year round. In higher regions such as in Bedugul or Kintamani, expect to wear either a sweater or jacket when evening falls.
For more information about Bali, please visit their official website. http://www.balitourismboard.org/